Some Scholarly Bibliography on the Historical Jesus and the Apostle Paul

Last Spring quarter, when I was taking graduate seminars on the New Testament and Christian Origins at UC Santa Barbara, I compiled a bibliography of notable scholarship over the last several decades on the historical Jesus and the apostle Paul as part of a class project. Since it is a useful reference list, I have decided to include the bibliography below.

(Note: While I recommend the books on this list, because they are important contributions to the field, that does not constitute agreement or endorsements, especially since they offer a wide range of differing views.)

Historical Jesus: 

Allison, Dale. Constructing Jesus: Memory, Imagination, and History. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2010.

Allison, Dale. The Historical Christ and the Theological Jesus. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009.

Allison, Dale. Resurrecting Jesus: The Earliest Christian Tradition and Its Interpreters. New York : T & T Clark, 2005. 

Allison, Dale. Jesus of Nazareth: Millenarian Prophet. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1998.

Bauckham, Richard. Jesus: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Beilby, James and Paul Eddy, eds., The Historical Jesus: Five Views. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2009.

Borg, Marcus. Meeting Jesus Again for the First Time: The Historical Jesus & the Heart of Contemporary Faith. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1994.

Borg, Marcus. Jesus in Contemporary Scholarship. London: A&C Black, 1994.

Borg, Marcus and N. T. Wright. The Meaning of Jesus: Two Visions. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1999.

Bornkamm, Günther. Jesus of Nazareth. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1960.

Boyarin, Daniel. The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish Christ. New York: New Press, 2012.

Broadhead, Edwin Keith. Jewish Ways of Following Jesus: Redrawing the Religious Map of Antiquity. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010.

Carrier, Richard. On the Historicity of Jesus: Why We Might Have Reasons to DoubtSheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2014.

Charlesworth, James. The Historical Jesus: An Essential Guide. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2008.

Chilton, Bruce and Craig Evans, eds., Studying the Historical Jesus: Evaluations of the State of Current Research. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Crossan, John. The Power of Parable: How Fiction by Jesus Became Fiction about Jesus. New York: Harper Collins, 2012.

Crossan, John. Who Killed Jesus?: Exposing the Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Gospel Story of the Death of Jesus. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1995.

Crossan, John. The Historical Jesus: The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1991.

Crossan, John. The Cross that Spoke: The Origins of the Passion Narrative. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988.

Crossan, John. In Fragments: The Aphorisms of Jesus. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1983.

Ehrman, Bart. How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher from Galilee. New York: Harper Collins, 2014.

Ehrman, Bart. Did Jesus Exist?: The Historical Argument for Jesus of NazarethNew York: Harper Collins, 2012.

Ehrman, Bart. Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (and Why We Don’t Know About Them). New York: Harper Collins, 2009.

Ehrman, Bart. Jesus, Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Fredriksen, Paula. From Jesus to Christ: The Origins of the New Testament Images of Jesus. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Funk, Robert. A Credible Jesus: Fragments of a Vision. Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge Press, 2002.

Holmén, Tom and Stanley Porter, eds., Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Horsley, Richard. Jesus and the Spiral of Violence: Popular Jewish Resistance in Roman Palestine. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987.

Graham, Susan Lochrie. The Flesh was Made Word: A Metahistorical Critique of the Contemporary Quest of the Historical Jesus. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2010.

Kloppenborg, J.S. and J.W. Marshall. Apocalypticism, Anti-Semitism and the Historical Jesus: Subtexts in Criticism. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2005.

Levine, Amy-Jill. The Misunderstood Jew: The Church and the Scandal of the Jewish Jesus. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2006.

Meier, John. A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus4 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1991.

Price, Robert. Incredible Shrinking Son of Man: How Reliable Is the Gospel Tradition?. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.

Sanders, E. P. The Historical Figure of Jesus. New York: Penguin Books, 1995.

Sanders, E. P. Jesus and Judaism. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985.

Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. Jesus and the Politics of Interpretation. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2000.

Schweitzer, Albert. The Quest of the Historical Jesus. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001.

Theissen, Gerd and Annette Merz. The Historical Jesus: A Comprehensive Guide. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1998.

Vermès, Géza. The Real Jesus: Then and Now. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2010.

Vermès, Géza. The Resurrection. New York : Doubleday, 2008.

Vermès, Géza. Jesus the Jew: A Historian’s Reading of the Gospels. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981.

Wedderburn, A. J. M. Jesus and the Historians. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010.

White, L. Michael. Scripting Jesus: The Gospels in Rewrite. New York: Harper Collins, 2010.

White, L. Michael. From Jesus to Christianity. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2004.


Apostle Paul: 

Agamben, Giorgio. The Time That Remains: A Commentary on the Letter to the Romans. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.

Badiou, Alain. Saint Paul: The Foundation of Universalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Barrett, C. K. Essays on Paul. London: SPCK Publishing, 1982.

Bornkamm, Günther. Paul. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.

Cameron, Ron and Merrill Miller, eds., Redescribing Paul and the Corinthians. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2011.

Dungan, D. L. The Sayings of Jesus in the Churches of Paul: The Use of the Synoptic Tradition in the Regulation of Early Church Life. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1971.

Dunn, James. The New Perspective on Paul. Grand Rapid, MI: Eerdmans, 2008.

Ehrman, Bart. Peter, Paul, and Mary Magdalene: The Followers of Jesus in History and Legend. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 

Eisenbaum, Pamela. Paul Was Not a Christian: The Original Message of a Misunderstood Apostle. New York: Harper Collins, 2009.

Engberg-Pedersen, Troels. Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Gager, John. Reinventing Paul. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Harink, Douglas, ed., Paul, Philosophy, and the Theopolitical Vision: Critical Engagements with Agamben, Badiou, Žižek, and Others. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2010.

Hays, Richard. Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Hengel, Martin and Anna Maria Schwemer. Paul Between Damascus and Antioch: The Unknown Years. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 1997.

Jewett, Robert. A Chronology of Paul’s Life. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1979.

Käsemann, Ernst. Perspectives on Paul. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971.

Langton, Daniel. The Apostle Paul in the Jewish Imagination: A Study in Modern Jewish-Christian Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Malherbe, Abraham. Paul and the Popular Philosophers. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989.

Martin, Dale. The Corinthian Body. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Meeks, Wayne. The First Urban Christians: The Social World of the Apostle Paul. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

Meeks, Wayne, ed., The Writings of St. Paul. New York: Norton, 1972.

Meggitt, Justin. Paul, Poverty and Survival. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1998.

Mitchell, Margaret. Paul, the Corinthians, and the Birth of Christian Hermeneutics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome. Paul: A Critical Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Oakes, Peter. Reading Romans in Pompeii: Paul’s Letter at Ground Level. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2009.

Oakes, Peter. Philippians: From People to Letter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Pagels, Elaine. The Gnostic Paul: Gnostic Exegesis of the Pauline Letters. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975.

Pervo, Richard. The Making of Paul: Constructions of the Apostle in Early Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2010.

Roetzel, Calvin. Paul, a Jew on the Margins. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2003.

Sanders, E. P. Paul: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Sanders, E. P. Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1983.

Schweitzer, Albert. The Mysticism of Paul the Apostle. New York: Macmillan, 1960.

Segal, Alan. Paul the Convert: The Apostolate and Apostasy of Saul the Pharisee. New Haven: Yale University, 1992.

Still, Todd and David Horrell. After the First Urban Christians: The Social-scientific Study of Pauline Christianity Twenty-five Years Later. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2009. 

Taubes, Jacob and Aleida Assmann. The Political Theology of Paul. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Tellbe, Mikael. Paul between Synagogue and State: Christians, Jews, and Civic Authorities in 1 Thessalonians, Romans, and Philippians. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 2001.

Theissen, Gerd. The Social Setting of Pauline Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1982.

Tomson, Peter. Paul and the Jewish Law: Halakha in the Letters of the Apostle to the Gentiles. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1990.

This entry was posted in Bibliography, Historical Jesus, Historical Paul, History, Religious Studies. Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Some Scholarly Bibliography on the Historical Jesus and the Apostle Paul

  1. GeoffSmith says:

    Ernst Cassirer wrote a book about Paul and Kantian Ethics called, “Grace and Law: St. Paul, Kant, and the Hebrew Prophets.” I found it to be similar to Badiou’s treatment with respect to trying to bring Paul’s concepts into dialog with later philosophical developments. I found it very intriguing.

  2. wmcoppins says:

    Benjamin White, Remembering Paul. Ancient and Modern Contests over the Image of the Apostle. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

  3. JRM says:

    I’d like to add Maurice Casey’s “Jesus of Nazareth” especially ch. 12 “Did Jesus Rise from the Dead?” It’s an apologist ball-buster and would add some ammo to your already impressive arsenal.

  4. Toni says:

    1996. 23. 2009. BARRETO, Pedro Henrique Quitete.

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